Our work and deliverables

Towards a Circular Economy

ZERO BRINE Advisory Board White Paper

Project Summary

Key Highlights as of October 2020

WP1: Project Management

The management of the project is performed by the project coordinator, TU DELFT, that is legally and financially responsible for the project’s implementation. The administrative coordination is handled by a dedicated project coordination team at TU DELFT, while the technical coordination is performed by the scientific coordinator of TU DELFT. For each WP, a WP Leader is assigned to ensure efficient management, monitoring and evaluation.
Work package leader TU Delft

WP2: Re-designing the supply chain of water and minerals in the multi-company site of the Energy Port and Petrochemical cluster in Botlek area

This Work Package involves the large-scale demonstration of the ZERO BRINE project. The demonstration will be implemented in the Demineralized Water Plant (DWP) which is owned by EVIDES in the Botlek area of Rotterdam Port. The DWP consists of a combination of ion exchange and membrane technology: Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF) > Cationic Exchange resin > Reverse Osmosis > Mixed Bed Ion Exchange. For both brine streams that are generated in this process, a circular economy solution is being developed.
Work package leader TU Delft

D2.1 Modelling a brine regeneration cycle using PHREEQC
D2.2 Wastewater characterization Physiochemical analyses on the wastewater composition of WP2
D2.3 Bench scale test using equipment from Brine Excellence Center (BEC)
D2.6 Report on the operation and optimization process of the pilot plants at Botlek

WP3: Minimising energy consumption and increase resource recovery yields through advanced treatment methods in the coal mine and textile industries

This work package aims to demonstrate circular economy solutions in two process industry sectors-namely coal mining and textile industries-at pilot-scale through innovative brine treatment.
– Coal mine pilot: Decrease the energy consumption by 50% compared to the energy consumption of a reverse osmosis-vapour compression system which represents current best practice.
– Textile pilot: Utilisation of the recovered concentrated salt solution for the dyeing process baths or external valorisation for other industrial sectors (such as leather salting)
Work package leader SUT

D3.5 Report on the operation and optimization of the pilot system for the treatment of coal mine water
D3.8 Report on the operation & optimization of the pilot system for the treatment of textile effluents

WP4: Promoting circular economy in the chemical sector: an innovative approach to recover resources from wastewater generated in the silica industry

This work package is dedicated to demonstrating the technical and economic feasibility of implementing a circular economy scheme in the precipitated silica industry to recover water, sodium sulphate, waste heat, acids and alkalis.

Work package leader EURECAT

D4.1 Characterization of wastewater produced in the production process of precipitated silica
D4.2 Regeneration and performance of reverse osmosis membranes from desalination plants
D4.3 Innovative technologies for recovering compounds in the precipitated silica
D4.4 Waste heat recovery opportunities in the precipitated silica industry

WP5: Optimisation of innovative technologies - Integration of bench-scale and optimized pilot systems into fully-equipped Brine Excellence Centers (BECs)– Development of technology libraries (software tool) and integration into a common platform.

This work package refurbishes and upgrades innovative brine treatment pilot systems developed in previous EU- and national-funded projects, in view of ZERO BRINE objectives. We are developing 5 Brine Excellence Centers (BECs)– one main BEC in the Netherlands and four satellite BECs in Spain, Greece, Italy and Poland – that will serve as fully-equipped facilities where companies will be able to test the equipment with their real wastewater and be provided with customized, validated brine treatment solutions. Technology libraries are being developed – software tools integrated into a common platform. These will simulate the key technologies used in the treatment trains, providing therefore credible results of expected operational data, as well as economic feasibility.
Work package leader DLR

D5.2 Software Tool for the Simulation of selected Brine Treatment Technologies

WP6: Online Brine Platform – Application of the software for the case of the Netherlands

During this work package an Online Brine Platform will be developed that will result in:

  • Increased customer traction for the Brine Consortium of technology suppliers (WP8)
  • Providing effective brine treatment solutions to process industries (problem owners)
  • Linking problem owners to end-users, promoting resource efficiency and circular economy concepts (WP8) as well as facilitate and ensure the extensive knowledge exchange and dialogue between key stakeholders.

The aim is to develop a knowledge-based service i.e. the Online Brine Platform, that will promote, demonstrate and advance Industrial Symbiosis in Europe and worldwide. The software will be applied for the case of Netherlands, one of the most industrialized region in Europe, with a scope to promote/disseminate the example in the rest of Europe (WP10).
Work package leader ISPT

D6.1 Wastewater and solution provider knowledge models, correlations and interlinks
D6.2 Report on system tools for analysis, feedback and interface
D6.3 Semantic web service platform
D6.4 Semantic web service portal
D6.5 Report on the application of the Online Brine Platform case study: the Netherlands

WP7: Evaluation of ZERO BRINE systems sustainability performance

Throughout this work package the results from the project demonstration activities will be evaluated and assessed. Based on an assessment of technical performance of innovative ZERO BRINE systems certain suggestions for the implementation of the prototype, brine treatment system at full-scale will be provided. The objective is to evaluate the environmental benefits, the social benefits and the economic feasibility of the innovative ZERO BRINE systems and the Life Cycle Sustainability Analysisof the ZERO BRINE applications.
Work package leader IVL

D7.1 Unified approach for prospective environmental and economic assessment
D7.2 Report on the evaluation of the results from the demonstration activities
D7.3 Preliminary LCA and LCC of the Demonstration Projects
D7.4 Report containing the economic assessment of full-scale implementation
D7.5 Selection of demonstrated technologies and the preparation for Environmental Technology Verification (ETV)
D7.6 Report on the life cycle sustainability assessment (LCSA) results
D7.7 LCA and LCC of the Zero Brine Case studies

WP8: Business plan/market exploitation and replication/ Intellectual Property Management

The aim of this work package is to elaborate three strategic business plans for the industrial sectors examined in the demonstration activities of the project. Furthermore, it addresses the intellectual property rights produced within the project implementation and prepares a Memorandum of Understanding between the stakeholders of Botlek area in Rotterdam Port.
Work package leader SEALEAU

D8.2 Report on the circular business model suggested for the large-scale demo in Rotterdam Port
D8.4 Report on replication studies- Roadmap for replicability

WP9: Innovation Deal / Policy review

This work package is developing an Innovation Deal that will address legislative barriers for the market uptake of the ZERO BRINE methods (including End-of-waste criteria, REACH regulation). It examines the relevant BREFs and provides suggestions for the update the Best Available Technology to the European Commission. Furthermore, it develops minimum quality standards (requirements) for salt reuse in different applications (end-markets) and assesses the environmental impacts associated with brine discharge.
Work package leader NTUA

D9.1 Report on environmental impacts from brine discharge
D9.2 Report on Policy Review and Assessment Suggestions for BREF Updates
D9.3 Quality Standards

WP10: Dissemination & Communication

Work package 10 communicates and disseminates the ZERO BRINE project and results. Based on a coherent strategy, an online platform and communication tools for effective dissemination and engagement is developed to disseminate and communicate the main findings of the project and to support partners in communicating and disseminating their work. Field visits to the pilot demonstration projects for various target groups, such as journalists, policy, and students are organised to help visualize and show the sustainable process being implemented. Key stakeholder groups along the whole supply chain are involved through ongoing engagement and informed about the project.
Work package leader REVOLVE 

The Visual Identity Guidelines
The ZERO BRINE logos
The ZERO BRINE leaflet
D10.1 Communication Strategy
D10.2 Website
D10.3 Policy Brief and Reports
D10.4 Report on Field Visits to Pilot Projects
D10.5 Report on Stakeholder Consultations
D10.6 Final Conference Proceedings
D10.7 Capacity building events